Trade Adjustment Assistance Promotes Political Support For Free-Trade Agreements By

The Department of Employment and Training Program of the Ministry of Employment and Training (Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers) offers a wide range of re-employment services, including training assistance and job search assistance, as well as benefits for displaced workers who have lost their jobs or have experienced reduced hours and wages as a result of increased imports or relocations from the United States. The TAA program is designed to help participants find new jobs more quickly to ensure that they keep a job and earn wages comparable to their previous job. Key benefits include Commercial Adjustment Allowances (TRA) in addition to Normal Unemployment Insurance (IU) up to 117 weeks of cash payments for all workers, who are enrolled at the same time in a single full-time training (workers must be enrolled in training 8 weeks after certification or 16 weeks after their dismissal; depending on the time required to obtain the TRA) and re-employment compensation assistance (RTAA) or additional wages for workers aged 50 or over who earn less than $50,000 per year in employment. It provides for a wage increase equal to 50% of the difference between a worker`s re-employment salary and the worker`s certified workplace salary, with a maximum benefit of $10,000 over a period of up to two years (workers must be re-employed within 26 weeks). The TAA, which once included a health coverage credit program that will expire permanently at the end of 2013, and other health care-related tax credits will be available (for example. B patient protection and health care law). The program encourages retraining, as workers only receive ARTs if they receive full-time TAA training (or are exempt). [23] The program is managed by the Laboratory Department (DOL) in collaboration with the 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. First, the program is not very effective and provides support during the transition, as a significant portion of the workforce does not receive TRA.

During the 2011 fiscal year, there were more than 196,000 TAA participants and only about 46,000 received TRA. [28] One reason is that the 8/16 week enrollment period severely limits the ability of workers to enrol in training programs and receive benefits. Moreover, even for workers who receive TRA and UI, only a portion of the shortfall is replaced. [29] The program offers health insurance coverage, but it has not been very effective in the past, as participation in AAT has been associated with reduced coverage in the period following job loss. [30] Trade Adjustment Assistance consists of four programs approved under the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 and defined by the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C). The original idea of a commercial compensation program dates back to 1939. [2] It was then proposed by President John F. Kennedy as part of the comprehensive free trade package.

President Kennedy said: “While national political considerations make it desirable to avoid higher tariffs, those who are harmed by this competition should not be forced to bear the full consequences. On the contrary, the burden of economic adjustment should be borne in part by the federal government. [3] The Minister of Labour has been authorized to introduce commercial adjustment aid (TRA) and relocation allowances through cooperating public bodies. Tra are income aids paid during this period in addition to a person`s normal unemployment benefit. The original program did not have a training or re-employment component. The program was rarely used until 1974, when it was extended under the Trade Act of 1974. The Trade Act of 1974 defined the training component of the program. In 1981, the program was severely limited by Congress at the request of the Reagan administration. [24] In 2002, the Trade Adjustment Reform Assistance Act (TAARA) expanded the program and was combined with the trade adjustment program established under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). [25] As a general rule,

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